Renewable energy has unique characteristics such as it is sustainable, clean and free. However, renewable generation systems have two major limitations: they are strongly dependent on the weather conditions; and they have unsynchronized generation peaks with the demand peaks, in general. In a series of two papers, an energy management strategy for a distributed photovoltaic (PV)-wind-storage system is proposed. This second paper proposes a strategy to control the operation of the energy storage to overcome the limitations of renewable sources and forecasting models uncertainty. The proposed operation strategy is advantageous in terms of it allows a highly efficient and profitable operation of the system especially in an electricity spot market. Simulation results that shows the effectiveness of the proposed control strategy are provided.
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